How can physical therapy help to reduce the risk for falls?

Studies have shown that for people who have fallen at least once, exercise-based interventions combined with home modifications interventions are most effective at reducing the risk for future falls.

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“Exercise, in the form of strength training and balance, gait and coordination

training should be included as part of a multifactorial or multicomponent intervention to prevent falls in older persons and may be considered as a single intervention.” JAGS January 2011–Vol. 59, No. 1 AGS/BGS Clinical Practice Guideline for Prevention of Falls. Pg. 151.

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“Although evidence supporting the use of home environment assessment and
intervention alone as a strategy to reduce falls in community-dwelling older adults is mixed (not supportive,24,70 supportive71), evidence for home environment assessment and intervention as part of a multifactorial fall prevention program is
strong.19–21,23–27,31,32,35–37,72,73.” JAGS January 2011–Vol. 59, No. 1 JAGS Panel on Prevention of Falls in Older Persons. Pg. 152.

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The strongest evidence for the prevention of falls in older adults include, ‘exercise, in the form of strength training and balance, gait and coordination … and the use of home environment assessment and intervention.’ JAGS January 2011–Vol. 59, No. 1 AGS/BGS Clinical Practice Guideline for Prevention of Falls 151-152.